Afghanistan is reeling after a spasm of violence Tuesday left dozens of civilians dead across the country — including an assault in Kabul, where gunmen stormed a hospital's maternity ward and left at least 16 people dead. Among the victims in the Afghan capital were newborns, their mothers and the nurses who had been supporting them both.
The attack in Kabul came within hours of another assault, this one more than 100 miles to the east in Nangarhar province, which left at least 24 people dead and dozens more injured after a suicide blast tore through a funeral.
None of the active militant groups in the country immediately claimed responsibility for Tuesday's attacks. Through a spokesman, the Taliban specifically denied involvement in both assaults, saying of the funeral blast that it "condemns such actions."
Even by the grim standards of a country that has seen more than four decades of violence, the attack on Dasht-e-Barchi hospital in western Kabul — better known by its nickname, "The 100-Bed Hospital" — proved particularly upsetting.
"Today's terrorist attack on a maternity hospital in Dasht-e-Barchi, Kabul is unforgivable," Marwa Amini, an interior ministry spokesperson, wrote on social media. "Attacks on pregnant mothers, on sick people and on newborns that have new eyes to the world are not in any dictionary. Newborns breathe the first moments of life with the most horrific scenes. Shame on the terrorists."
Assailants opened their midmorning assault on the hospital with a suicide bombing. The gunmen proceeded to target the hospital's maternity section, which is operated by international aid group Doctors Without Borders, or MSF.
Afghan police and special forces rushed to the scene, where they engaged in a firefight with the attackers, and government officials said the security forces managed to evacuate more than 100 people safely.
Those rescued included a newborn who was rushed out of the hospital by a member of the Afghan special forces. The dramatic rescue was caught on video. Clad in a helmet and flak jacket, assault rifle slung over his shoulder, the man can be seen handing the tightly swaddled infant to medics in the back of an ambulance.
Medical workers with MSF commonly handle complicated pregnancies and births for a section of western Kabul with a population of roughly 1 million.
Hours before attackers struck, the organization tweeted that medical workers had just delivered a baby, named Mohammad Omar, by emergency cesarean section in the maternity ward. "He is cute!" the group added.
The fate of the baby was not immediately clear.
Lajaward is from Maidan Wardak province. Due to fetal distress, where the baby experiences oxygen deprivation, Lajaward had to deliver baby Mohammad Omar via emergency c-section in the maternity of Dasht-e-Barchi hospital in #Kabul.— MSF Afghanistan (@MSF_Afghanistan) May 12, 2020
He is cute! pic.twitter.com/Hje8oNS7Nh
The attack also caused panic in a guesthouse for foreigners behind the hospital — though Amini said the guesthouse was probably not the intended target because there were other ways to access it, even as the militants headed straight to the hospital. She said the two foreign nationals residing there were safe but provided no further information.
One prominent human rights activist said the attack shook her terribly.
"It was personal for me because I'm preparing for my son's first birthday. It's tomorrow," said Shaharzad Akbar, chairperson of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission.
"Birth is such a moment of hope. It's this promise — new life that can be a better life, a different life," she said, her voice breaking. But the assault on the hospital, she added, reminded Afghans that they would be raising their children in a war and that "their life is in danger even before they are born."
"It beggars belief that such a heinous act could be committed when Afghanistan is being ravaged by the COVID-19 pandemic," said Toby Lanzer, humanitarian coordinator for the United Nations. "Civilians receiving care in hospitals, health workers, medical infrastructure and aid workers are protected under International Humanitarian Law; violations must be investigated and those behind the attacks brought to justice."
The neighborhoods surrounding the hospital are dominated by Shiite Hazaras, members of an ethnic group often targeted by Islamic State militants. The Sunni terrorist group has claimed responsibility for a spate of attacks in recent months, including a bloody raid targeting the Sikh religious minority in Kabul.
But in the aftermath of Tuesday's attacks, it was the Taliban that drew the wrath of the Afghan government. In a televised address, President Ashraf Ghani said the group has ignored repeated calls to scale back its attacks and discourage the violence of other Islamist militant groups in the country. And he announced that the military will resume offensives against the Taliban.
The Afghan government and the militant group have been locked in an acrimonious negotiation over prisoners and other details considered key to a possible peace deal. Earlier this year, the U.S. and the Taliban agreed to a peace framework of their own, which included a section stipulating that the Islamist group sever its ties with the Islamic State and al-Qaida.
But Hamdullah Mohib, Afghanistan's national security adviser, said the group has so far failed to uphold its end of the bargain.
"The attacks of the last two months show us and the world that [the] Taliban & their sponsors do not and did not intend to pursue peace. Their attacks this spring against Afghans are comparable to the level of fighting in past fighting seasons," Mohib tweeted Tuesday.
Before the attacks, the Afghan government told NPR it has temporarily halted the release of Taliban prisoners. Government officials said the militant group must release about 100 more of the prisoners in its custody to resume the prisoner swap, which was originally intended as a confidence-building measure. The Afghan government appears frustrated by the U.S.-Taliban deal and has accused the Islamist group of acting in bad faith.
"If the Taliban cannot control the violence," Mohib added, "or their sponsors have now subcontracted their terror to other entities — which was one of our primary concerns from the beginning — then [there] seems little point in continuing to engage [the] Taliban in 'peace talks.' "
RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
In Kabul this morning, an attack has horrified even people long accustomed to the brutality of Afghanistan's conflict. The target was a maternity hospital, and the dead include at least 11 mothers and two newborns. NPR's Diaa Hadid reports.
DIAA HADID, BYLINE: A video of the incident provided by a government official shows an Afghan Special Forces member in a flak jacket, an assault rifle slung on his shoulder, rushing out of the hospital clutching a baby swaddled in blankets.
HADID: Doctors Without Borders supports the hospital, and hours before the attackers struck, the aid group tweeted they'd just delivered a baby in the maternity ward, Mohammad Omar. He's cute, they added. Targeting the hospital provoked heart-wrenching reactions.
SHAHARZAD AKBAR: It has been personal for me because I'm preparing for my son's first birthday. It's tomorrow.
HADID: Shaharzad Akbar is the chairwoman of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission.
AKBAR: Birth is such a moment of hope. It's this promise to a new life that can be a better life, that can be a different life. We're reminded in that moment that you are probably going to raise your child in war and that their life is in danger even if - before they are born.
HADID: And it's not clear what happened to that baby who was born just hours ago, Mohammad Omar, the one Doctors Without Borders said was cute.
Diaa Hadid, NPR News, Islamabad.
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